full suspension fat bike

What You Need to Know about Ebike Suspension

Hi guys, welcome to Himi class again! We have shared knowledge about ebike hub motors and brake systems before, this time we would like to elaborate on something about electric bicycle suspension in this article. As we all know, a bike suspension is also called a shock absorber. In order to make riding more comfortable and stable, and to bring riders a better riding experience, bicycle suspension systems came into being and are widely used on various bikes, especially fat tire electric mountain bikes. The bike suspension system can not only greatly enhance the riding experience, but more importantly, it can play a buffering role when riding on rugged uphill and mountain roads, reducing impact damage to the bicycle frame and the rider. According to the type of suspension, there are currently three types of bicycles: full suspension, front suspension, and no suspension ones. Please don’t be confused, you will have a clear understanding of their pros and cons after reading this article.


We can see that the two wheels of a bike are connected by different forks, which we call the front fork and rear fork. When a bike has both front and rear suspension systems, we call it a dual or full suspension bike; and a bicycle with only front suspension is called a front suspension or hardtail; as for those without any suspension, they are usually named as rigid.


  1. Full Suspension

himiway escape with both front and rear suspension

A full suspension bike usually has two different types of front and rear suspension systems. An ebike with a rear suspension usually also has a front one. There is almost no such a bike with just a rear suspension.


Suspension systems are divided into four types: spring, resistance rubber, pneumatic and hydraulic. The most common ones on the market are the first and the last, and it is common for both to appear on the same bike. Spring damping can usually bring a considerable shock absorption effect at a lower cost, so it is the first choice of most mid-range bicycle manufacturers. The disadvantage is that it is not as light as other suspensions.


Resistance rubber has lighter weight than a spring and is easy to adjust, which requiring less maintenance. However, after a long period of use, it will deteriorate and become quite solid, and the shock absorption effect will be greatly reduced. At that time, you will have to get it replaced.


The pneumatic suspension system uses the pressure generated by compressing the sealing gas to achieve the shock absorption effect. The super light weight is its biggest advantage, you can imagine how light the air is! In addition, air damping will not experience aging, which is better than resistance rubber. However, it also has a disadvantage, that is, the gas is easy to leak, you‘ll need to check and calibrate the air pressure frequently, otherwise it is likely that the air pressure is unbalanced due to the air leak, and the fork may be damaged.


As for the hydraulic suspension system, it is nearly a perfect one in all aspects. Not only is it light in weight, but it also does not require frequent maintenance, the failure rate is low, and the shock absorber effect is excellent. However, once it is damaged, the repairs and replacements process would be a significant expense.


Now let’s get back to the topic. The most common and effective full suspension usually includes a spring and a hydraulic shock absorber. This kind of dual shock absorption system is commonly used in mountain off-road ebikes to better ride on some complex terrain because the front and rear of the bike will be subject to external pressure when going uphills or downhills. For many cycling enthusiasts, it may be an excellent option, because to pursue excitement and challenge themselves, they may want to do some difficult actions such as jumping in the air on a bike, which requires strong enough shock absorbers to ensure that both the rider and the forks are safe. So for the full suspension ebike, there is no need to worry about its shock absorption performance.


What we want you to know is that our Himiway Escape fat tire ebike is equipped with a dual suspension system, with a hydraulic on the front and a spring on the rear, which can definitely bring you an extraordinary riding experience and has received rave reviews since its launch!


  1. Front Suspension

Most mid-range ebikes on the market are only equipped with a front suspension, since that is enough to satisfy the riding needs of many people. The front suspension carries most of the weight from the rider and plays an important role in protecting the safety of the bike fork and the rider. When riding on complex terrain, the front damper can effectively absorb external impact and prevent the front fork from bending, thereby extending the life of your bike. The most common types of front suspension are springs and hydraulics. As we just talked about the pros and cons of the two. In short, both of them can meet the requirements of most people. Here both the Himiway Cruiser and Step-Thru ebike are equipped with front suspension spring shock absorbers, which can easily cope with rugged mountain roads. However, if you want your ebike to accompany you longer, we suggest you check out the article we shared earlier on how to maintain your bicycle suspension.


  1. No Suspension

You might be wondering if a bike without any suspension is very useless? Of course not! In my opinion, if you just want to use your bike to travel in bustling cities, your riding speed usually does not exceed 20 mph, then a rigid bicycle would be a good choice. On the other hand, if you just ride it in places like beaches and snowfields, the soft sand or snow ground can replace the damper as a buffer, and you don’t need any suspension at that time.


All right, the Himi suspension class ends here. Which type of bike do you prefer? Dual suspension, hardtail, or a rigid? We believe that a hardtail like the Himiway Cruiser series ebike with only a front suspension can meet the needs of most customers on the whole, while a full suspension such as the Himiway Escape will have better shock absorption performance. And if your riding speed is usually below 20 mph, then a rigid one may also be a good option.